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Raportul standardelor naționale

RAPORTUL STANDARDELOR NATIONALE – un raport comprehensiv si detaliat publicat de catre NATIONAL AUTISM CENTER clasifica interventiile in autism in:

  1. “Established” Treatment
  2. “Emerging” Treatment
  3. “Unestablished” Treatment

Established Treatments – Tratamente care si-au dovedit eficienta pentru persoanele din spectrul autist

Trebuie specificat ca majoritatea intervenţiilor au fost dezvoltate “sub umbrela” analizei comportamentale. Printre acestea pot fi amintite:

  • Discrete Trail Teaching
  • Pivotal Response Treatment
  • Incidental Teaching
  • Self-management
  • Positive behavior support

Etc.

“Emerging” TreatmentsTratamente in curs de dezvoltare

Acestea au probat cateva dovezi de eficienta, dar nu suficient de multe astfel incat Ntional Autism Center sa prezinte incredere in eficacitatea lor si sa le considere drept tratamente cu adevarat eficiente, care dau rezultate concrete.

  • Cognitive Behavioral Intervention Package {3 studies} – conform studiilor s-a dovedit a fi eficienta dupa varsta de 6 ani.
  • Augmentative and Alternative Communication Device {14 studies}
  • Developmental Relationship-based Treatment {7 studies}
  • Exposure Package {4 studies}
  • Imitation-based Interaction {6 studies}
  • Initiation Training {7 studies}
  • Language Training (Production) {13 studies}
  • Language Training (Production & Understanding) {7 studies}
  • Massage/Touch Therapy {2 studies}
  • Multi-component Package {10 studies}
  • Music Therapy {6 studies}
  • Peer-mediated Instructional Arrangement {11 studies}
  • Picture Exchange Communication System {13 studies}
  • Reductive Package {33 studies}
  • Scripting {6 studies}
  • Sign Instruction {11 studies}
  • Social Communication Intervention {5 studies}
  • Social Skills Package {16 studies}
  • Technology-based Treatment {19 studies}

“Unestablished Treatment”

Nu s-au dovedit a avea eficienta (Training-ul pentru integrarea auditiva, Facilitarea comunicarii, Dietele GFCF). Mai mult, preocuparea cu privire la aceste tratamente este ridicata, si nu este exclusa posibilitatea sa fie chiar daunatoare.

  • Facilitated Communication {5 studies}
  • Gluten- and Casein-Free Diet {3 studies}
  • Academic Interventions {10 studies}
  • Auditory Integration Training {3 studies}
  • Sensory Integrative Package {7 studies}

Un raport complet poate fi obtinut de pe site-ul National Autism Center

http://www.nationalautismcenter.org/national-standards-project/history/significant-findings/

 

Anca Dumitrescu, BCBA

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